单词

常用词4: Abandon

2022-03-27 07:58:48 simyang 6

ABANDON to abandon ship -

to abrogate one's responsibilities or

to abandon a project

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abandon I n. 1. great, reckless, wild ~ 2. with ~

(with reckless ~)

abandon II v. (D; tr.) to ~ to (they ~ed us to our

fate)

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[ VN ]

1.

~ sb (to sth) to leave sb, especially sb you are responsible for, with no intention of returning (不顾责任、义务等)离弃,遗弃,抛弃

The baby had been abandoned by its mother. 这个婴儿被母亲遗弃了。

The study showed a deep fear among the elderly of being abandoned to the care of strangers. 研究表明,老人十分害怕被丢给陌生人照管。

2.

~ sth (to sb/sth) to leave a thing or place, especially because it is impossible or dangerous to stay SYN leave (不得已而)舍弃,丢弃,离开

Snow forced many drivers to abandon their vehicles. 大雪迫使许多驾驶者弃车步行。

They had to abandon their lands to the invading forces. 他们不得不舍弃土地,让侵略军占领。

He gave the order to abandon ship (= to leave the ship because it was sinking) . 他下令弃船(因船快要沉没)。

3.

to stop supporting or helping sb; to stop believing in sth 停止(支持或帮助);放弃(信念)

The country abandoned its political leaders after the war. 战后该国人民不再拥护他们的政治领袖。

By 1930 he had abandoned his Marxist principles. 1930年时他已放弃了马克思主义信念。

4.

to stop doing sth, especially before it is finished; to stop having sth 中止;放弃;不再有

They abandoned the match because of rain. 因为下雨,他们中止了比赛。

She abandoned hope of any reconciliation. 她对和解已不再抱有希望。

5.

~ yourself to sth ( literary ) to feel an emotion so strongly that you can feel nothing else 陷入,沉湎于(某种情感)

He abandoned himself to despair. 他陷入绝望。

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[ U ] ( formal ) an uncontrolled way of behaving that shows that sb does not care what other people think 放任;放纵

He signed cheques with careless abandon. 他无所顾忌地乱开支票。

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1.

V-T If you abandon a place, thing, or person, you leave the place, thing, or person permanently or for a long time, especially when you should not do so. 抛弃


•  He claimed that his parents had abandoned him.

他声称他的父母抛弃了他。


2.

V-T If you abandon an activity or piece of work, you stop doing it before it is finished. 中途放弃


•  The authorities have abandoned any attempt to distribute food in an orderly fashion.

当局中途放弃了任何有序地分发食品的尝试。


3.

V-T If you abandon an idea or way of thinking, you stop having that idea or thinking in that way. 放弃 (想法或思想方式)


•  Logic had prevailed and he had abandoned the idea.

理性占了上风,他放弃了该想法。


4.

N-UNCOUNT If you say that someone does something with abandon, you mean that they behave in a wild, uncontrolled way and do not think or care about how they should behave. 放纵


•  He approached life with reckless abandon–I don't think he himself knew what he was going to do next.

他以不计后果的放纵态度对待生活–我想他自己都不知道他接下来要做什么。


5.

→see also abandoned


6.

PHRASE If people abandon ship, they get off a ship because it is sinking. (因船舶下沉而) 弃船


•  At the captain's order, they abandoned ship.

在船长的命令下,他们弃船离开了。

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a-ban-don /a'bandan/ v. 1 desert or leave

permanently: he abandoned hisfamily and

moved to London. 2 give up a course of

action completely. 3 (abandon oneself to)

make no attempt to resist something: she

abandoned herself to his kiss. n. complete

lack of self-control or self-consciousness:

dancers swung their bodies with wild abandon.

a-ban-don-ment n.

a-ban-doned /a'bandand/ adj. wild and

uninhibited.

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vt . 1) leave completely and forever; desert 离弃; 抛

弃 :The sailors ~ed the burning ship .水手们离弃了燃烧着的船 .The ca r

was found ~ed near the village .那辆车被发现丢弃在村子附近 . 2 ) give

up 放弃 : In his early days he ~ed medicine for literature .他早年弃医学

文 .

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