CEFR_C2 (IELTS 8-8.5)

11. Looks aren't everything. Believe me, I'm a model (subtitles)

2022-01-09 18:37:13 simyang 2


图片关键词

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Translator: Joseph Geni Reviewer: Morton Bast

00:15

Hi. My name is Cameron Russell,

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and for the last little while, I've been a model.

00:24

Actually, for 10 years.

00:28

And I feel like

00:30

there's an uncomfortable tension in the room right now

00:33

because I should not have worn this dress.

00:35

(Laughter)

00:37

So luckily, I brought an outfit change.

00:39

This is the first outfit change on the TED stage,

00:43

so you guys are pretty lucky to witness it, I think.

00:46

If some of the women were really horrified when I came out,

00:49

you don't have to tell me now, but I'll find out later on Twitter.

00:52

(Laughter)

00:57

I'd also note that I'm quite privileged

00:59

to be able to transform what you think of me

01:02

in a very brief 10 seconds.

01:05

Not everybody gets to do that.

01:08

These heels are very uncomfortable, so good thing I wasn't going to wear them.

01:14

The worst part is putting this sweater over my head,

01:17

because that's when you'll all laugh at me,

01:19

so don't do anything while it's over my head.

01:23

All right.

01:26

So, why did I do that?

01:28

That was awkward.

01:30

(Laughter)

01:32

Well --

01:33

(Laughter)

01:35

Hopefully not as awkward as that picture.

01:40

Image is powerful,

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but also, image is superficial.

01:48

I just totally transformed what you thought of me, in six seconds.

01:52

And in this picture,

01:54

I had actually never had a boyfriend in real life.

01:57

I was totally uncomfortable,

01:59

and the photographer was telling me to arch my back

02:02

and put my hand in that guy's hair.

02:06

And of course, barring surgery,

02:08

or the fake tan that I got two days ago for work,

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there's very little that we can do to transform how we look,

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and how we look, though it is superficial and immutable,

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has a huge impact on our lives.

02:23

So today, for me, being fearless means being honest.

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And I am on this stage because I am a model.

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I am on this stage because I am a pretty, white woman,

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and in my industry, we call that a sexy girl.

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I'm going to answer the questions that people always ask me,

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but with an honest twist.

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So the first question is, how do you become a model?

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I always just say, "Oh, I was scouted,"

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but that means nothing.

02:47

The real way that I became a model

02:50

is I won a genetic lottery, and I am the recipient of a legacy,

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and maybe you're wondering what is a legacy.

02:56

Well, for the past few centuries

02:59

we have defined beauty not just as health and youth

03:04

and symmetry that we're biologically programmed to admire,

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but also as tall, slender figures,

03:11

and femininity and white skin.

03:15

And this is a legacy that was built for me,

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and it's a legacy that I've been cashing out on.

03:19

And I know there are people in the audience

03:21

who are skeptical at this point,

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and maybe there are some fashionistas who are like,

03:25

"Wait. Naomi. Tyra. Joan Smalls. Liu Wen."

03:28

And first, I commend you on your model knowledge. Very impressive.

03:31

(Laughter)

03:33

But unfortunately, I have to inform you that in 2007,

03:36

a very inspired NYU Ph.D. student

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counted all the models on the runway, every single one that was hired,

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and of the 677 models that were hired,

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only 27, or less than four percent, were non-white.

03:50

The next question people always ask is,

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"Can I be a model when I grow up?"

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And the first answer is, "I don't know, they don't put me in charge of that."

03:58

But the second answer,

03:59

and what I really want to say to these little girls is,

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"Why? You know? You can be anything.

04:04

You could be the President of the United States,

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or the inventor of the next Internet,

04:08

or a ninja cardiothoracic surgeon poet,

04:10

which would be awesome, because you'd be the first one."

04:13

(Laughter)

04:15

If, after this amazing list, they still are like,

04:17

"No, no, Cameron, I want to be a model,"

04:19

well, then I say, "Be my boss."

04:21

Because I'm not in charge of anything,

04:23

and you could be the editor in chief of American Vogue

04:25

or the CEO of H&M, or the next Steven Meisel.

04:28

Saying that you want to be a model when you grow up

04:30

is akin to saying that you want to win the Powerball when you grow up.

04:34

It's out of your control, and it's awesome,

04:37

and it's not a career path.

04:39

I will demonstrate for you now 10 years of accumulated model knowledge,

04:43

because unlike cardiothoracic surgeons,

04:45

it can just be distilled right now.

04:48

So, if the photographer is right there,

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the light is right there, like a nice HMI,

04:53

and the client says, "We want a walking shot,"

04:55

this leg goes first, nice and long, this arm goes back, this arm goes forward,

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the head is at three quarters, and you just go back and forth,

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just do that, and then you look back at your imaginary friends,

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300, 400, 500 times.

05:06

(Laughter)

05:08

It will look something like this.

05:10

(Laughter)

05:12

Hopefully less awkward than that one in the middle.

05:15

That was -- I don't know what happened there.

05:18

Unfortunately, after you've gone to school,

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and you have a résumé and you've done a few jobs,

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you can't say anything anymore,

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so if you say you want to be the President of the United States,

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but your résumé reads, "Underwear Model: 10 years,"

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people give you a funny look.

05:31

The next question is, "Do they retouch all the photos?"

05:33

And yeah, they pretty much retouch all the photos,

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but that is only a small component of what's happening.

05:39

This picture is the very first picture that I ever took,

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and it's also the very first time that I had worn a bikini,

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and I didn't even have my period yet.

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I know we're getting personal, but I was a young girl.

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This is what I looked like with my grandma just a few months earlier.

05:54

Here's me on the same day as this shoot.

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My friend got to come.

05:57

Here's me at a slumber party a few days before I shot French Vogue.

06:01

Here's me on the soccer team and in V Magazine.

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And here's me today.

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And I hope what you're seeing

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is that these pictures are not pictures of me.

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They are constructions,

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and they are constructions by a group of professionals,

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by hairstylists and makeup artists and photographers and stylists

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and all of their assistants and pre-production and post-production,

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and they build this.

06:23

That's not me.

06:24

Okay, so the next question people always ask me is,

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"Do you get free stuff?"

06:28

(Laughter)

06:29

I do have too many 8-inch heels which I never get to wear,

06:32

except for earlier,

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but the free stuff that I get is the free stuff that I get in real life,

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and that's what we don't like to talk about.

06:40

I grew up in Cambridge,

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and one time I went in o a store and I forgot my money

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and they gave me the dress for free.

06:46

When I was a teenager, I was driving with my friend

06:48

who was an awful driver and she ran a red and of course,

06:51

we got pulled over,

06:52

and all it took was a "Sorry, officer," and we were on our way.

06:57

And I got these free things because of how I look,

07:00

not who I am, and there are people paying a cost

07:03

for how they look and not who they are.

07:05

I live in New York, and last year,

07:07

of the 140,000 teenagers that were stopped and frisked,

07:11

86% of them were black and Latino, and most of them were young men.

07:15

And there are only 177,000 young black and Latino men in New York,

07:19

so for them, it's not a question of, "Will I get stopped?"

07:22

but "How many times will I get stopped? When will I get stopped?"

07:25

When I was researching this talk,

07:27

I found out that of the 13-year-old girls in the United States,

07:30

53% don't like their bodies,

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and that number goes to 78% by the time that they're 17.

07:37

So, the last question people ask me is,

07:40

"What is it like to be a model?"

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And I think the answer that they're looking for is,

07:44

"If you are a little bit skinnier and you have shinier hair,

07:47

you will be so happy and fabulous."

07:49

And when we're backstage,

07:51

we give an answer that maybe makes it seem like that.

07:54

We say, "It's really amazing to travel, and it's amazing to get to work

07:57

with creative, inspired, passionate people."

08:00

And those things are true, but they're only one half of the story,

08:03

because the thing that we never say on camera,

08:05

that I have never said on camera, is,

08:08

"I am insecure."

08:10

And I'm insecure because I have to think about what I look like every day.

08:15

And if you ever are wondering,

08:18

"If I have thinner thighs and shinier hair, will I be happier?"

08:22

you just need to meet a group of models,

08:24

because they have the thinnest thighs, the shiniest hair and the coolest clothes,

08:28

and they're the most physically insecure women probably on the planet.

08:32

When I was writing this talk,

08:33

I found it very difficult to strike an honest balance,

08:36

because on the one hand,

08:38

I felt very uncomfortable to come out here and say,

08:40

"Look I've received all these benefits from a deck stacked in my favor,"

08:44

and it also felt really uncomfortable to follow that up with,

08:47

"and it doesn't always make me happy."

08:49

But mostly it was difficult to unpack a legacy of gender and racial oppression

08:55

when I am one of the biggest beneficiaries.

08:59

But I'm also happy and honored to be up here

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and I think that it's great that I got to come

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before 10 or 20 or 30 years had passed and I'd had more agency in my career,

09:08

because maybe then I wouldn't tell the story of how I got my first job,

09:11

or maybe I wouldn't tell the story of how I paid for college,

09:14

which seems so important right now.

09:17

If there's a takeaway to this talk,

09:19

I hope it's that we all feel more comfortable acknowledging

09:22

the power of image in our perceived successes

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and our perceived failures.

09:28

Thank you.

09:30

(Applause)


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