CEFR_C2+ (IELTS 9+)

1. 10 First Aid Mistakes Explained by a Professional

2022-01-10 14:55:23 simyang 4

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ten first aid mistakes explained by a

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professional when someone's in danger of

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course people rushed to help but even if

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these good Samaritans mean well and are

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being very brave and selfless they can

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end up putting the victim and even more

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danger if they don't know how to

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properly administer first aid that's why

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it's crucial to avoid these 10 common

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and very dangerous mistakes and learn

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what you should do instead be sure to

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click that subscribe button and turn on

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post notifications to join the bright

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side of life

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number 10 tilting your head back during

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a nosebleed nosebleeds can be common

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since there's so many blood vessels in

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the nose that are highly sensitive to

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things like dry air and well fingers

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there are some situations where

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nosebleeds are caused by an underlying

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health issue in which case you'd need to

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seek advice from a medical professional

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no matter what the reason we've all been

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told to tilt our head back whenever we

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have a nosebleed but it's high time to

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ditch this old habit tilting your head

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back can make the blood travel from your

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nose to your throat which means you

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could find yourself choking on or

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swallowing blood the best thing to do

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instead is to apply steady pressure to

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the bridge of your nose for at least 20

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minutes you'll have to breathe through

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your mouth this whole time but you'll

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safely stop the bleeding number 9

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forcing a fainted person to sit up when

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someone faints our immediate course of

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action is to try to set them up

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especially when shaking them doesn't

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seem to be helping instead of all that

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always start by checking their breathing

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and pulse

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if that's all good leave them on the

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ground but raise their legs about 12

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inches off the floor loosen any

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restrictive clothing as well once they

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regain consciousness don't rush to help

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them back up as this can just cause them

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to faint again

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number eight putting heat on a sprain or

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fracture I should be used for acute

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situations like suddenly spraining your

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ankle heat is for chronic conditions

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like back pain heat on a sprain or

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fracture only increases blood flow and

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leads to more swelling the way to go for

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these types of injuries is always to ice

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it at first the ice will help reduce any

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swelling bruising and muscle spasms

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never place an ice pack directly on your

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skin and be sure to leave it on for at

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least 20 minutes number seven trying to

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remove debris from your body if you step

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on some glass for example your gut

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reaction will be to pull those shards

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out of your skin yourself but if the

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tool you use isn't sterile or if you

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underestimate how deep the wound is you

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risk getting an infection and doing

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further damage so make sure you're using

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a clean sterile tool or leave it in the

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hands and professionals when it comes to

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debris in your eye it's best to close

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your eye put a piece of gauze over it

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and head to the hospital number six

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treating a burn too quickly

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the first step to treating a burn is to

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run it under cool water but a common

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mistake is to just do it for a few

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seconds or a couple of minutes tops

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if the water is to actually help the

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skin you need to hold the burn under it

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for at least 20 minutes

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the heat from the burn can go deep

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across several layers of skin so even if

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your skin is cool on the surface the

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heat can still be trapped underneath

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which is why you need to expose it to

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cool water for such a long time

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number five going straight in o the

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Heimlich maneuver for choking victims

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the Red Cross has updated their

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guidelines on how to give first aid -

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choking victims so instead of going

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straight for the Heimlich maneuver

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here's what you're supposed to do

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instead

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stand behind the victim lean them

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forward and give their back five quick

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blows with the heel of your hand only if

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that doesn't work at first can you

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follow it up with the Heimlich maneuver

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administer five quick abdominal thrusts

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and keep doing it until the Airways

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unobstructed number four putting

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something in a seizing person's mouth in

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a panic induced state at seeing someone

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having a seizure a lot of people

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immediately try to block the person's

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mouth for fear of the victim biting

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their own tongue this is actually

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dangerous for the victim and for the

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person trying to help another mistake is

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trying to restrain the person's

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movements the thing to do instead is to

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turn the person over onto their side

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which will help them breathe easier also

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clear out the area of any dangerous

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objects the victim could hurt themselves

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on most seizures only lasts no more than

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five minutes so you have to stay calm if

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it goes past that however it's time to

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call for help

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number three prioritizing mouth-to-mouth

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resuscitation for heart attack victims

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when it comes to cardiac conditions like

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a heart attack the first step is to

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always dial emergency medical services

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then administer chest compressions or

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CPR according to the American Heart

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Association CPR can double or even

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triple the chances of someone survival

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even if the victim isn't breathing and

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there isn't a heartbeat the body has

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enough oxygen that you can help it

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circulate thanks to CPR a common mistake

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is to think that mouth-to-mouth

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resuscitation is more important than

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chest compressions but that's not the

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case according to the guidelines for CPR

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set by the American Heart Association so

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now you know that if a person near you

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collapses from a cardiac condition focus

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on chest compressions and don't go near

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their face number two not knowing what

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you're doing again

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good Samaritans mean well when it comes

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to helping someone in an emergency

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situation but if you don't know how to

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for instance administer CPR or the

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Heimlich maneuver correctly you can end

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up doing more harm than good for example

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someone might try to give CPR and forget

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that you have to tilt the victims head

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back to keep the airway open

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that can be a very dangerous blunder

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that's why the first line of action in

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all serious first-aid situations is to

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call for help and let a professional

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guide you through what you need to do

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number one using a tourniquet for a

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bleeding wound yes tourniquets can stop

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a person from bleeding but it's not a

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fix-all solution for any type of wound

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if someone has a deep wound in their arm

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or leg applying a tourniquet can stop

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the blood flow to the entire limb which

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can actually starve the tissues of

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oxygen and possibly lead to amputation

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using a tourniquet should never be the

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first choice you know by now that your

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first course of action should be to call

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for an ambulance while they're on their

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way apply downward pressure with your

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hands onto a major wound that's bleeding

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out if you have sterile gauze then use

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it so that you don't transfer bacteria

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from your hands to the wound

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this method can even stop bleeding from

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a large vein or artery once the bleeding

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has stopped

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wrap the wound securely with gauze only

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use a tourniquet if after all this

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they're still uncontrolled bleeding but

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by this time the paramedic should be

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closed have you ever had to administer

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first aid to someone let us know in the

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comments below don't forget to give this

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video a like share it with your friends

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and click subscribe to stay on the

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bright side

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you



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