杨斯毅教育,从英语学习到就业与人生,不一样的实用!

杨斯毅教育-IELTS、ESOL英语、对外汉语、NCEA各学科补习

网站首页 > 微信公众号 > Issue 1

《词汇嚼嚼》——从“荒谬可笑”到“中心地带”

     本期《词汇嚼嚼》涉及表达情感的preposterous, contend, bother; 与换物爱好者相关的swap; 还有写文章和日记时能适时用上的动词和动词词组 swap stories about, swap over, swap over to, plug into, pull the plug, contend with, contend for, can’t be bothered, the ruin of something, in ruins, track, track the text, track the beat of music, suppose, the mode of music, the meter of music, the paradigm of music, the locus of the course.  值得一提的是,本期偶然地涵盖了学习者们长期希望得到的表达——如“高得离谱”、“互诉衷肠”、“纷纷沉迷”、“让安乐死”、“堵住漏洞”、“坚持完成”、“闷闷不乐”、“支离破碎”、“所剩无几”、“不谋而合”、“中心地带”。

 


1.      That’s preposterous. 那是荒谬可笑的!Some prices are preposterously high. 有些价格高得离谱。近义词(absurd


2.      Swap files: 替换文件 / 文档  I often swapped books with my friends. 我常常与朋友交换书看。(=exchange booksSince we couldn’t afford many books, we swapped books to read. 因为我们过去买不起很多书,我们就交换书来看。I’ll swap you my downloaded movies for your books. = I’ll swap my downloaded movies for your books. 我用我下载的电影来交换你的书。We were swapping stories about our high school days. 我们互相讲述过去在中学读书时的故事 (我们对过去在中学读书发生的事情互诉衷肠)。If you like this seat, we can swap (over). 如果你喜欢坐这里,我们可以换位置。 The nurse swapped the patients’ charts by mistake. 护士错换了病人的片子。The company decided to swap over to another supplier. 该公司决定更换供应商。Let’s make the swap in secret. 让我们悄悄地作交换吧。  

   

3.      DAT: digital audio tape, a type of magnetic tape used to make very high quality recordings of sound by recording it in digital form. 数字式音频磁带


4.      Plug it in to the stereo system in your car: 把它连接到你车上的音响系统 plug into = become connected to I’m trying to figure out how to plug the laptop into the projector. 我正在考虑如何把该手提电脑连接到投影仪。The heater plugs into the dashboard of your car. 该暖气连接到你车的仪表盘。My students have deeply plugged into the music of Beyonce. 我的学生纷纷沉迷于Beyonce的音乐。The company has plugged into the international market. 该公司已经打入国际市场。  Plug is a part at the end of an electric cord that has two or three metal pins that connect the cord to a source of electricity. 电源插头(两插或者三插)或者是其他音源、视频源线的插头(a part at the end of a wire or cable that is used to connect audio or video devices)或者是水槽的塞子、水沟的盖子(a thing used to close a hole in a container or objectThe only way to turn the machine off is to pull the plug. 唯一把机器关闭的方法是把插头给拔了。Only his wife can decide to pull the plug. 只有他的妻子能决定是否让其老公安乐死。I’ve foreseen that our education system may pull the plug on the exam-oriented English teaching. 我已经预言我们的教育体系有一天会结束应试英语教学。He plugged up (堵住) the spaces between the stones with mud. 他用泥填补石子之间的空隙。The company needs to plug the holes/gaps in its security. 该公司必须堵住安全风险的漏洞。One of the local radio station’s commercial modes is to let the bosses of local businesses plug their products in the air. (to plug = to praise) 当地广播的一种商业模式是让当地商家的老板们在广播里对自己的产品做宣传。Some Year 9 students kept plugging away at their learning tasks. 有些九年级的学生能够坚持完成他们的学习任务。


5.      Dorm room:宿舍房间  we all lived in our same dorm during our sophomore year. 在大学二年级我们全都同住一个宿舍。


6.      Many teachers contend that classroom management has taken away lots of time in teaching. 许多老师强烈反映课堂管理已经占用了他们大量的教学时间。Contend with the problems=deal with the problems 处理问题 He’s had a lot to contend with recently. 最近他有很多麻烦事要解决。The Chinese language is expected to contend for the next most popular language after English. 中文被认为是在英文之后很有竞争力的最受欢迎的语言之一。(contend for=compete with a good chance of winning


7.      Maximize your time: 最大化地利用时间 maximize your profit: 最大化地赚取利润 maximize the space 最大化地利用空间 maximize your strength and minimize your weaknesses 把你的优点最大化、缺点最小化


8.      Profitably: making money or producing good or helpful results or effects 赚钱的,或者能带来利好结果或者成效的  It is a profitable (=beneficial) experience. 这是一次让人受益的体验。The agreement was profitable (advantageous) for everyone. 该协议对每一位成员都有利。


9.      He’s so easy-going. Nothing seems to bother him. 他如此温和,似乎没有事情能烦扰他。 She decided she wasn’t going to bother herself with the opinions of others. 她决定不因为别人的意见而闷闷不乐。Don’t bother your head with those questions right now. 现在先不用考虑那些问题。One of my students said her stomach was bothering her. 我的一位学生说她胃疼。The trick was somewhat dangerous, so if you can’t be bothered to do it right, then don’t even attempt it. 该魔术戏法有点风险,如果你对做好它没有兴趣,那就不要尝试。


10.  Ruin my life: 毁了我的人生 The building lay in ruins. 该建筑支离破碎、所剩无几。Her drug addiction was her ruin. 她对毒品上瘾毁了她的人生。Game addiction is the ruin of so many school students. 对游戏上瘾(在身心道德、社交经济方面)毁了好多中学生。


11.  Track the text (随音乐)查看文字 track the beat of the piece 追随该曲子的节奏


12.  The mode of music=a particular form or type of music 一种类型的音乐


13.  The meter of music: 音乐的节奏类型 meter is a way of arranging the sounds or beats in music or poetry; a particular rhythmic pattern


14.  Chords in this particular piece: 该特定曲子的和弦 A chord is a group of three or more musical notes that are played or sung at the same time)和弦是一组三个音符以上的音同时演奏或歌唱时发出的音响效果  Her comment that teaching English should follow steps struck a chord in/with me.  她对于英语教学要遵循一定的步骤的评论与我的想法不谋而合。


15.  A reasonably sophisticated kid: 一个算得上是颇有经验的孩子


16.  Serious cello lessons: 正规的大提琴课程 a swank and sophisticated restaurant 一家时尚的高端人士聚集的餐馆 attractive to fashionable or sophisticated people


17.  Bring up=mention 提起  We were waiting for a suitable moment to bring up (introduce, raise) the subject of his unpaid bills. 我们正在等待合适的时机来提他没有交付的账单的话题。


18.  Suppose: to imagine or believe (something) to be true or possible. 假设或者认为某事是真实或者可能的  Do you suppose you could give me a ride back home? =I don’t suppose you could give me a ride back home? = Could you help me by giving me a ride back home? (suppose提问是一种有礼貌的探索性发问方式)


19.  A paradigm of classical music: 古典音乐的一种典型模式 a paradigmatic example 一个典型的例子 the Freudian paradigm of psychoanalysis 弗洛伊德的精神分析法  a new study that challenges the current evolutionary paradigm 一项新的对目前的进化论有对立性的研究


20.  The locus of our course: 我们课程的重点 The area became a locus of resistance to the government. 该地区成为了对抗政府的中心地带。

 

 

Practice: Translate the following into English.


1.      这些价格简直“高得离谱”!

2.      放心吧,我们正在“互诉衷肠”呢!

3.      移动设备的发展让新一代中学生“纷纷沉迷”于网络音乐和游戏。

4.      只有家人才有权力决定是否予于病人“让安乐死”。

5.      不系统地学习英语知识存在着许多问题,而“堵住漏洞”是唯一的解决办法。

6.      无论多晚,我都要“坚持完成”今天的计划任务。

7.      别“闷闷不乐”了,事情总会拨开云雾见月明的!

8.      地震把这里破坏得“支离破碎”、“所剩无几”!

9.      她的想法和我的“不谋而合”。

10.  这是该语法问题的“中心地带”。


Powered by MetInfo 6.2.0 ©2008-2020 www.metinfo.cn