History & Significant Events

Primitive Humans and Tribes 原始人类和部落

2022-04-03 11:05:17 simyang 2

Primitive Humans and Tribes

China, a country with the highest number of primitive human sites in the world, has not only preserved the most abundant materials related to the origin of human beings, but also has had a fairly complete evolutionary process  without serious interruptions.

In the early Paleolithic Period (about 250,000 to 2 million years ago),  China’s ancient ancestors were scattered over a vast area that covers today’s Yunnan, Sichuan, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Henan, Hebei, Jiangsu, Anhui, Hubei, Guizhou, Inner Mongolia, Liaoning, and Beijing. Several hundred sites of the late Paleolithic Period, dating to about 10,000 to 40,000 years ago, have been found across China.

The progression from Yuanmou Man to Peking Man and then to Upper Cave Man outlines the evolution of early humans in China. Yuanmou Man dates to 1.7 million years ago, and was named aft er Yuanmou, Yunnan, where their fossils, two teeth and some handmade stone instruments, were unearthed. Coal dust and burned bones were found in clay layers. Yuanmou Man fossils are believed to be the earliest human remains in the Chinese territory.